Mehren, Aylin and Özyurt, Jale and Thiel, Christiane M. and Brandes, M. and Lam, A. P. and Philipsen, Alexandra (2019) Effects of Acute Aerobic Exercise on Response Inhibition in Adult Patients with ADHD. Scientific Reports, 9 (1). ISSN 2045-2322

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Abstract

Previous studies suggest beneficial effects of aerobic exercise on executive functions, which are a core deficit in ADHD. The aim of the present fMRI study was to investigate acute effects of aerobic exercise on inhibitory control and related brain activation in adult patients with ADHD. 23 patients and 23 matched healthy controls performed on a Go/No-go task in an MRI scanner, following both, an exercise condition involving 30 min of cycling at moderate intensity, and a control condition. ADHD patients compared to healthy controls showed increased brain activation during successful inhibition in the exercise compared to the control condition in parietal, temporal, and occipital regions. Exercise did not improve behavioral performance in either group, but in ADHD patients, exercise-related increases in brain activation and behavioral task performance (i.e., correct inhibition rate) negatively correlated with correct inhibition rate in the control condition. Thus, patients with worse inhibition performance showed stronger exercise-related enhancements, indicating that the lack of improvements on the behavioral level for the whole patient group could be due to ceiling effects. Our findings might be an important step in understanding the neural basis of exercise effects and could, in the long term, help in developing alternative treatment approaches for ADHD.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Publiziert mit Hilfe des DFG-geförderten Open Access-Publikationsfonds der Carl von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg.
Subjects: Philosophy and psychology > Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Department of Psychology
Date Deposited: 20 Mar 2020 12:31
Last Modified: 20 Mar 2020 12:31
URI: https://oops.uni-oldenburg.de/id/eprint/4555
URN: urn:nbn:de:gbv:715-oops-46365
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-56332-y
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