Thiel, Christiane M. and Özyurt, Jale and Nogueira, Waldo and Puschmann, Sebastian (2016) Effects of age on long term memory for degraded speech. Frontiers in human neuroscience, 10. ISSN 1662-5161

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Prior research suggests that acoustical degradation impacts encoding of items into memory, especially in elderly subjects. We here aimed to investigate whether acoustically degraded items that are initially encoded into memory are more prone to forgetting as a function of age. Young and old participants were tested with a vocoded and unvocoded serial list learning task involving immediate and delayed free recall. We found that degraded auditory input increased forgetting of previously encoded items, especially in older participants. We further found that working memory capacity predicted forgetting of degraded information in young participants. In old participants, verbal IQ was the most important predictor for forgetting acoustically degraded information. Our data provide evidence that acoustically degraded information, even if encoded, is especially vulnerable to forgetting in old age.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Publiziert mit Hilfe des DFG-geförderten Open Access-Publikationsfonds der Carl von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg.
Uncontrolled Keywords: vocoded speech, long term memory, working memory, verbal IQ, age
Subjects: Philosophy and psychology > Psychology
Technology, medicine, applied sciences > Medicine and health
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Department of Psychology
Date Deposited: 19 Sep 2017 13:43
Last Modified: 10 Jan 2018 09:00
URN: urn:nbn:de:gbv:715-oops-33408
DOI: 10.3389/fnhum.2016.00473

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