Möbus, Claus and Schröder, Olaf (1997) Building Domain Models by Novices in Stochastics: Towards the Probabilistic Semantics of Verbalized Stochastic Relations. In: Artificial Intelligence in Education: Knowledge and Media in Learning Systems. IOS Press, Amsterdam, pp. 394-401. ISBN 9051993536

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Official URL: http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=549911


In this paper we describe a knowledge acquisition method which makes it possible to teach novices to construct Bayesian network models of their own domain. We and others had to realize that there is a severe knowledge acquisition bottleneck. It is nearly impossible to teach novices how to construct Bayesian net models of their own domain because of the huge number of conditional probabilities that are needed to describe the links of the Bayesian directed acyclic graph (dag). Because of this you have to use "toy" data from textbook examples. This leads to motivational problems because novices are often willing to adapt a new methodology only when it promises an efficiency gain in solving problems without imposing new ones. They expect at least in principle a solution sketch which feasibility can be demonstrated. So we offer the possibility that the students can describe a model of their own domain in verbal terms. The system compiles these statements into a dag. Furthermore, in this paper two methods are proposed that allow the acquisition of quantitative data from the verbally stated qualitative information. The former is needed for the application of the Bayesian network for inference tasks. One of the methods is based on likelihoods, the other one is based on frequency distributions. An important advantage of the latter method is that it substantially reduces the number of necessary knowledge acquisition steps. Both methods enable the plugin of probability tables which denotate the links of the dag, and which are a necessary part of a Bayesian net. Thus the tables are solely derived from verbal statements about stochastic relations. It is no problem to obtain these verbalizations from domain experts

Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: knowledge acquisition bottleneck, construction of Bayesian network models, conditional probabilities, efficiency gain, solution sketch, verbal model description, commpilation of verbal models, compilation of verbal statements into numerical stochastic relations
Subjects: Generalities, computers, information > Computer science, internet
Philosophy and psychology > Psychology
Divisions: School of Computing Science, Business Administration, Economics and Law > Department of Computing Science
Date Deposited: 14 Jan 2015 09:07
Last Modified: 14 Jan 2015 09:07
URI: https://oops.uni-oldenburg.de/id/eprint/2069
URN: urn:nbn:de:gbv:715-oops-21506
DOI: DOI: 10.13140/2.1.3120.0326

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