Lenk, Jan Ch. and Möbus, Claus and Özyurt, Jale and Thiel, Christiane M. and Claasen, Arno (2011) From fMRI Data To Cognitive Models: Testing the ACT-R Brain Mapping Hypothesis with an Ex-Post Model. In: COGNITIVE 2011 - The Third International Conference on Advanced Cognitive Technologies and Applications. IARIA, Rome, Italy, pp. 13-18. ISBN 978-1-61208-155-7

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Recently, John R. Anderson proposed a correspondence between the modules of his cognitive architecture ACT-R and specific brain regions. This Brain Mapping Hypothesis allows the prediction of Blood-Oxygen-Level Dependent curves for these regions using cognitive models. These predictions may be compared to actual data from functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging experiments. While the Brain Mapping Hypothesis has been tested with very simple tasks mostly from algebraic problem solving, we conducted experiments with a more complex task to study the robustness of the Brain Mapping Hypothesis against different domains, multidimensional strategy spaces, and modeling errors. The ACTR model in this paper is a synthesis of our prior models, providing a better fit imaging data. Our results show that the Brain Mapping Hypothesis is not to be dismissed, yet there still remain assumptions in the model that do cause inexact predictions for some modules. We discuss how models of complex problem solvers can achieve a better fit to data by adaptations to their symbolic structure.

Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: FRMI, ACTR Model, Cognitive Modelling, Brain Mapping Hypothesis
Subjects: Generalities, computers, information > Computer science, internet
Philosophy and psychology > Psychology
Divisions: School of Computing Science, Business Administration, Economics and Law > Department of Business Administration, Economics and Law
Date Deposited: 05 Feb 2014 11:15
Last Modified: 05 Feb 2014 11:15
URI: https://oops.uni-oldenburg.de/id/eprint/1770
URN: urn:nbn:de:gbv:715-oops-18509

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