Badpa, Mahnaz and Schneider, Alexandra and Schwettmann, Lars and Thorand, Barbara and Wolf, Kathrin and Peters, Annette (2024) Air pollution, traffic noise, greenness, and temperature and the risk of incident type 2 diabetes: results from the KORA cohort study. Environmental epidemiology, 8 (2). e302, 1 - 5. ISSN 2474-7882

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Introduction: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a major public health concern, and various environmental factors have been associated with the development of this disease. This study aimed to investigate the longitudinal effects of multiple environmental exposures on the risk of incident T2D in a German population-based cohort. Methods: We used data from the KORA cohort study (Augsburg, Germany) and assessed exposure to air pollutants, traffic noise, greenness, and temperature at the participants’ residencies. Cox proportional hazard models were used to analyze the associations with incident T2D, adjusting for potential confounders. Results: Of 7736 participants included in the analyses, 10.5% developed T2D during follow-up (mean: 15.0 years). We found weak or no association between environmental factors and the risk of T2D, with sex and education level significantly modifying the effects of air pollutants. Conclusion: Our study contributes to the growing body of literature investigating the impact of environmental factors on T2D risks and suggests that the impact of environmental factors may be small.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Air pollution; Greenness; Traffic noise; Temperature; Type 2 diabetes; Environmental epidemiology; Population-based cohort
Subjects: Technology, medicine, applied sciences > Medicine and health
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Department of Public Health and Medical Education
Date Deposited: 14 Mar 2024 13:14
Last Modified: 14 Mar 2024 13:14
URN: urn:nbn:de:gbv:715-oops-69048
DOI: 10.1097/EE9.0000000000000302

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