Pedron, Sara and Laxy, Michael and Radon, Katja and Le Gleut, Ronan and Castelletti, Noemi and Guggenbüehl Noller, Jessica Michelle and Diefenbach, Maximilian Nikolaus and Hölscher, Michael and Leidl, Reiner and Schwettmann, Lars and Forster, Felix and Bakuli, Abhishek and Eckstein, Judith and Froeschl, Günter and Geisenberger, Otto and Geldmacher, Christof and Heiber, Arlett and Hoffmann, Larissa and Huber, Kristina and Metaxa, Dafni and Pletschette, Michel and Rothe, Camilla and Schunk, Mirjam and Wallrauch, Claudia and Zimmer, Thorbjörn and Pritsch, Michael and Wieser, Andreas and Olbrich, Laura and Thiel, Verena and Riess, Friedrich and Kroidl, Inge and Saathoff, Elmar and Prückner, Stephan and Zeggini, Eleftheria and Fuchs, Christiane and Hasenauer, Jan and Theis, Fabian (2023) Socioeconomic and risk-related drivers of compliance with measures to prevent SARS-CoV-2 infection: evidence from the Munich-based KoCo19 study. BMC public health, 23 (1). 860, 1 - 13. ISSN 1471-2458

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Objectives: Although a growing share of the population in many countries has been vaccinated against the SARS-CoV-2 virus to different degrees, social distancing and hygienic non-pharmaceutical interventions still play a substantial role in containing the pandemic. The goal of this study was to investigate which factors are correlated with a higher compliance with these regulations in the context of a cohort study in the city of Munich, southern Germany, during the summer of 2020, i.e. after the first lockdown phase. Methods: Using self-reported compliance with six regulations and personal hygiene rules (washing hands, avoiding touching face, wearing a mask, keeping distance, avoiding social gatherings, avoiding public spaces) we extracted two compliance factor scores, namely compliance with personal hygiene measures and compliance with social distancing regulations. Using linear and logistic regressions, we estimated the correlation of several socio-demographic and risk perception variables with both compliance scores. Results: Risk aversion proved to be a consistent and significant driver of compliance across all compliance behaviors. Furthermore, being female, being retired and having a migration background were positively associated with compliance with personal hygiene regulations, whereas older age was related with a higher compliance with social distancing regulations. Generally, socioeconomic characteristics were not related with compliance, except for education, which was negatively related with compliance with personal hygiene measures. Conclusions: Our results suggest that for a targeted approach to improve compliance with measures to prevent SARS-CoV-2 infection, special attention should be given to younger, male and risk-prone individuals.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: SARS-CoV-2, Covid-19, Compliance, Non-pharmaceutical interventions, Regulations, Measures
Subjects: Social sciences > Economics
Technology, medicine, applied sciences > Medicine and health
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Department of Public Health and Medical Education
Date Deposited: 25 May 2023 10:58
Last Modified: 25 May 2023 10:58
URN: urn:nbn:de:gbv:715-oops-58894
DOI: 10.1186/s12889-023-15759-9

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