Fischer, Marten and Scholz-Böttcher, Barbara M. (2019) Microplastics analysis in environmental samples-recent pyrolysis-gas chromatography: mass spectrometry method improvements to increase the reliability of mass-related data. Analytical methods, 11 (18). pp. 2489-2497. ISSN 1759-9679

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Thermal methods are of increased relevance in the field of microplastics (MP) analysis. The presented method improvements emphasize the potential of pyrolysis gas-chromatography mass-spectrometry (Py-GCMS) methods for mass-related MP quantification in environmental samples. A previously established Curie-Point (CP)-pyrolyzer is compared to a micro furnace (MF) pyrolyzer of higher sample capacity. The two Py-GCMS systems are examined in terms of calibration aspects like dynamic range, linearity, process standard deviation and overall sensitivity. Here, MF-PyGCMS provided advantages. Depending on the samples and their residual organic matrix content, the related pyrolysis products may interact with relevant indicator ions of interesting polymers. This can hamper or even impede any calibration and quantification of MP in the given sample. An internal standard mixture added just before the pyrolysis process (ISTDpy) mimics these interactions to a certain extent. Based on selected peak ratios, ISTDpy offers a possible quantification option in those cases. The application in selected environmental samples (sea salt, surface water and muddy sediment) after adequate preconcentration illustrates the capability and sensitivity of MF-Py-GCMS for MP-quantification regarding the encountered concentrations (ppt–ppm).

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: microplastics, analysis, pyrolysis-gaschromatography-mass spectrometry, quantification, thermochemolysis, environmental samples, internal standardization
Subjects: Science and mathematics > Chemistry
Science and mathematics > Earth sciences and geology
Divisions: Faculty of Mathematics and Science > Institute for Chemistry and Biology of the Marine Environment (ICBM)
Date Deposited: 09 Feb 2022 12:35
Last Modified: 09 Feb 2022 12:35
URN: urn:nbn:de:gbv:715-oops-53746
DOI: 10.1039/c9ay00600a

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