Dal Cortivo, Giuditta and Wagner, Gabriel E. and Cortelletti, Paolo and Padmanabha Das, Krishna Mohan and Zangger, Klaus and Speghini, Adolfo and Dell’Orco, Daniele and Meyer, N. Helge (2018) Luminescent and paramagnetic properties of nanoparticles shed light on their interactions with proteins. Scientific reports, 8 (3420). ISSN 2045-2322

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Nanoparticles have been recognized as promising tools for targeted drug-delivery and protein therapeutics. However, the mechanisms of protein-nanoparticle interaction and the dynamics underlying the binding process are poorly understood. Here, we present a general methodology for the characterization of protein-nanoparticle interaction on a molecular level. To this end we combined biophysical techniques including nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), circular dichroism (CD), resonance energy transfer (RET) and surface plasmon resonance (SPR). Particularly, we analyzed molecular mechanisms and dynamics of the interaction of CaF2 nanoparticles with the prototypical calcium sensor calmodulin (CaM). We observed the transient formation of an intermediate encounter complex involving the structural region linking the two domains. Specific interaction of CaM with CaF2 NPs is driven by the N-terminal EF-hands, which seem to recognize Ca2+ on the surface of the nanoparticle. We conclude that CaF2 NP-CaM interaction is fully compatible with potential applications in nanomedicine. Overall, the methods presented in this work can be extended to other systems and may be useful to quantitatively characterize structural and dynamic features of protein-NP interactions with important implications for nanomedicine and nano-biotechnology.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Publiziert mit Hilfe des DFG-geförderten Open Access-Publikationsfonds der Carl von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg.
Subjects: Technology, medicine, applied sciences > Medicine and health
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Department of Human Medicine
Date Deposited: 02 Aug 2018 08:08
Last Modified: 07 Aug 2018 10:46
URI: https://oops.uni-oldenburg.de/id/eprint/3677
URN: urn:nbn:de:gbv:715-oops-37585
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-21571-y

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