Jürgens, Tim and Hohmann, Volker and Büchner, Andreas and Nogueira, Waldo (2018) The effects of electrical field spatial spread and some cognitive factors on speech-in-noise performance of individual cochlear implant users: a computer model study. PLOS ONE, 13 (4). e0193842. ISSN 1932-6203

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The relation of the individual speech-in-noise performance differences in cochlear implant (CI) users to underlying physiological factors is currently poorly understood. This study approached this research question by a step-wise individualization of a computer model of speech intelligibility mimicking the details of CI signal processing and some details of the physiology present in CI users. Two factors, the electrical field spatial spread and internal noise (as a coarse model of the individual cognitive performance) were incorporated. Internal representations of speech-in-noise mixtures calculated by the model were classified using an automatic speech recognizer backend employing Hidden Markov Models with a Gaussian probability distribution. One-dimensional electric field spatial spread functions were inferred from electrical field imaging data of 14 CI users. Simplified assumptions of homogenously distributed auditory nerve fibers along the cochlear array and equal distance between electrode array and nerve tissue were assumed in the model. Internal noise, whose standard deviation was adjusted based on either anamnesis data, or text-reception-threshold data, or a combination thereof, was applied to the internal representations before classification. A systematic model evaluation showed that predicted speech-reception-thresholds (SRTs) in stationary noise improved (decreased) with decreasing internal noise standard deviation and with narrower electric field spatial spreads. The model version that was individualized to actual listeners using internal noise alone (containing average spatial spread) showed significant correlations to measured SRTs, reflecting the high correlation of the text-reception threshold data with SRTs. However, neither individualization to spatial spread functions alone, nor a combined individualization based on spatial spread functions and internal noise standard deviation did produce significant correlations with measured SRTs.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Publiziert mit Hilfe des DFG-geförderten Open Access-Publikationsfonds der Carl von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg.
Subjects: Science and mathematics > Physics
Technology, medicine, applied sciences > Medicine and health
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Department of Medical Physics and Acoustics
Date Deposited: 01 Aug 2018 11:18
Last Modified: 28 Aug 2018 06:50
URI: https://oops.uni-oldenburg.de/id/eprint/3661
URN: urn:nbn:de:gbv:715-oops-37421
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0193842

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