Engel, Robin and UNSPECIFIED (2018) Planing, Simulation and Preparation of a Magnetic Resonant Imaging Experiment based on the Detection of Anisotropic gamma-Radiation from Hyperpolarized Isomers. Masters, Universität Oldenburg.

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Abstract

In 2016, the proof of principle for a new method of imaging was presented [1], which uses many elements of traditional Magnetic Resonant Imaging, but replaces the detection of RF induction signals with that of the anisotropic gamma-emission from a hyper-polarized radioactive noble gas. Since gamma-radiation is in comparison very easy to detect, this method is sensitive to concentrations of imaged nuclei that are up to ten orders of magnitudes lower than those needed in conventional MRI. Therefore, it has the perspective of combining the advantages of nuclear tracers, as they are used in SPECT and PET, with the higher spatial resolution of MRI. In addition to presenting a software for numerical simulations of the spin precession and nuclear emission behavior during magnetic resonance experiments on hyper-polarized radioactive xenon, this thesis documents the development of two dedicated setups. The first is dedicated to extracting 131mXe, the radioactive tracer required for the measurements, from commercially available 131I. The second setup is designed for magnetic resonance experiments on hyper-polarized xenon, capable of using both the anisotropic gamma emission from radioactive nuclei as well as induction signals from stable isotopes for detection. It utilizes an existing low-field MRI-scanner and Si-PMT based gamma detectors in combination with elements from a spin-exchange optical pumping setup developed for hyper-polarized MRI on stable Xenon. Both setups were planned, built and tested in the frame of this thesis and are ready for commissioning.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: gamma-MRI, MRI, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, PNI, Polarized Nuclear Imaging, Imaging, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Hyper-polarization, SEOP, Spin-Exchange Optical Pumping, HP-MRI, Xenon, Tracer, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, gamma, anisotropy
Subjects: Science and mathematics > Physics
Technology, medicine, applied sciences > Medicine and health
Divisions: Faculty of Mathematics and Science > Institute of Physics (IfP)
Date Deposited: 03 Aug 2018 14:15
Last Modified: 03 Aug 2018 14:15
URI: https://oops.uni-oldenburg.de/id/eprint/3617
URN: urn:nbn:de:gbv:715-oops-36985
DOI:
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