Soliman, Amr A. and Shaalan, Waleed and Abdel-Dayem, Tamer and Awad, Elsayed Elbadawy and Elkassar, Yasser and Lüdders, Dörte and Malik, Eduard and Sallam, Hassan N. (2015) Power Doppler flow mapping and four-dimensional ultrasound for evaluating tubal patency compared with laparoscopy. European journal of obstetrics & gynecology and reproductive biology, 195. pp. 83-87. ISSN 0301-2115


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OBJECTIVES: To study the accuracy of four-dimensional (4D) ultrasound and power Doppler flow mapping in detecting tubal patency in women with sub-/infertility, and compare it with laparoscopy and chromopertubation. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective study. The study was performed in the outpatient clinic and infertility unit of a university hospital. The sonographic team and laparoscopic team were blinded to the results of each other. Women aged younger than 43 years seeking medical advice due to primary or secondary infertility and who planned to have a diagnostic laparoscopy performed, were recruited to the study after signing an informed consent. All of the recruited patients had power Doppler flow mapping and 4D hysterosalpingo-sonography by injecting sterile saline into the fallopian tubes 1 day before surgery. Registering Doppler signals, while using power Doppler, both at the tubal ostia and fimbrial end and the ability to demonstrate the course of the tube especially the isthmus and fimbrial end, while using 4D mode, was considered a patent tube. RESULTS: Out of 50 recruited patients, 33 women had bilateral patent tubes and five had unilateral patent tubes as shown by chromopertubation during diagnostic laparoscopy. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), and accuracy for two-dimensional power Doppler hysterosalpingography were 94.4%, 100%, 100%, 89.2%, and 96.2%, respectively and for 4D ultrasound were 70.4%, 100%, 100%, 70.4%, and 82.6%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Four-dimensional saline hysterosalpingography has acceptable accuracy in detecting tubal patency, but is surpassed by power Doppler saline hysterosalpingography. Power Doppler saline hysterosalpingography could be incorporated into the routine sub-/infertility workup.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Department of Human Medicine
Date Deposited: 09 Mar 2018 09:12
Last Modified: 09 Mar 2018 09:12
URN: urn:nbn:de:gbv:715-oops-36135
DOI: 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2015.09.039

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