Ruigendijk, Esther and Friedmann, Naama (2017) A deficit in movement-derived sentences in German-speaking hearing-impaired children. Frontiers in psychology, 8. ISSN 1664-1078

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Children with hearing impairment (HI) show disorders in syntax and morphology. The question is whether and how these disorders are connected to problems in the auditory domain. The aim of this paper is to examine whether moderate to severe hearing loss at a young age affects the ability of German-speaking orally trained children to understand and produce sentences. We focused on sentence structures that are derived by syntactic movement, which have been identified as a sensitive marker for syntactic impairment in other languages and in other populations with syntactic impairment. Therefore, our study tested subject and object relatives, subject and object Wh-questions, passive sentences, and topicalized sentences, as well as sentences with verb movement to second sentential position. We tested 19 HI children aged 9;5–13;6 and compared their performance with hearing children using comprehension tasks of sentence-picture matching and sentence repetition tasks. For the comprehension tasks, we included HI children who passed an auditory discrimination task; for the sentence repetition tasks, we selected children who passed a screening task of simple sentence repetition without lip-reading; this made sure that they could perceive the words in the tests, so that we could test their grammatical abilities. The results clearly showed that most of the participants with HI had considerable difficulties in the comprehension and repetition of sentences with syntactic movement: they had significant difficulties understanding object relatives, Wh-questions, and topicalized sentences, and in the repetition of object who and which questions and subject relatives, as well as in sentences with verb movement to second sentential position. Repetition of passives was only problematic for some children. Object relatives were still difficult at this age for both HI and hearing children. An additional important outcome of the study is that not all sentence structures are impaired—passive structures were not problematic for most of the HI children

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Publiziert mit Hilfe des DFG-geförderten Open Access-Publikationsfonds der Carl von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg.
Uncontrolled Keywords: syntax, hearing impaired children, German, relative clauses, Wh-questions
Subjects: Language
Science and mathematics > Physics
Technology, medicine, applied sciences > Medicine and health
Divisions: School of Linguistics and Cultural Studies > Dutch Philology
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Department of Medical Physics and Acoustics
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2017 07:44
Last Modified: 13 Dec 2017 09:41
URN: urn:nbn:de:gbv:715-oops-33689
DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00689

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