Waska, Hannelore and Koschinsky, Andrea and Dittmar, Thorsten (2016) Fe- and Cu-Complex formation with artificial ligands investigated by ultra-high resolution Fourier-transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FT-ICR-MS): implications for natural metal-organic complex studies. Frontiers in Marine Science, 3. ISSN 2296-7745

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In recent years, electrospray-ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) has been increasingly used to complement the bulk determination of metal-ligand equilibria, for example via competitive ligand exchange-adsorptive cathodic stripping voltammetry (CLE-ACSV). However, ESI-MS speciation analyses may be impacted by instrumental artifacts such as reduction reactions, fragmentation, and adduct formation at the ESI source, changes in the ionization efficiencies of the detected species in relation to sample matrix, and peak overlaps in response to increasing sample complexity. In our study, equilibria of the known artificial ligands citrate, ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), 1-nitroso-2-naphthol (NN), and salicylaldoxime (SA) with iron (Fe) and copper (Cu) were investigated by ultra-high resolution ESI-MS, Fourier-transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FT-ICR-MS), under a variety of sample matrix and ionization settings. The acquired mass spectra were compared with metal-ligand equilibrium data from the literature as well as an adapted speciation model. Overall, the mass spectra produced representative species mentioned in previous reports and predicted by the speciation calculations, such as Fe(Cit), Cu(Cit)2, Fe(EDTA), Cu(EDTA), Fe(NN)3, and Cu(SA)2. The analyses furthermore revealed new species which had been hypothesized but not measured directly using other methods, for example ternary complexes of citrate with Fe and Cu, Cu(SA) monomers, and the dimer Fe(SA)2. Finally, parallel measurements of a Cu+SA calibration series and a Cu+SA+EDTA competition series indicated that FT-ICR-MS can produce linear responses and low detection limits analogous to those of ACSV. We propose that ultra-high resolution FT-ICR-MS can be used as a representative tool to study interactions of trace metals with artificial as well as natural, unknown ligands at the molecular level.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Publiziert mit Hilfe des DFG-geförderten Open Access-Publikationsfonds der Carl von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg.
Uncontrolled Keywords: ligands,FT-ICR-MS,iron,copper,EDTA,citrate,salicylaldoxime,1-nitroso-2-naphthol
Subjects: Science and mathematics
Science and mathematics > Chemistry
Science and mathematics > Life sciences, biology
Divisions: Faculty of Mathematics and Science > Institute for Chemistry and Biology of the Marine Environment (ICBM)
Date Deposited: 18 Sep 2017 12:22
Last Modified: 15 Dec 2017 11:53
URI: https://oops.uni-oldenburg.de/id/eprint/3239
URN: urn:nbn:de:gbv:715-oops-33202
DOI: 10.3389/fmars.2016.00119

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